Volume 6 Preprint 55
The Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of 27SiMn Low-Alloy Steel in an Environment of a Lignite Coalpit
Zhang Zengzhi, Niu Junjie, Zhang Limei, Cheng Guoqing, Han Guiquan And Liu Weiwei
Keywords: low-alloy steel,lignite,electrochemical corrosion
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Volume 6 Paper C131
THE ELECTROCHEMICAL CORRISION BEHAVIOR OF 27SiMn
LOW-ALLOY STEEL IN AN ENVIROMENT OF A LIGNITE COALPIT
(China University Of Mining and Technology，Beijing，100083)
The electrochemical corrosion behavior of 27SiMn low-a11oy steel in an
environment Of a lignite coalpit was studied in this paper．The result indicates that a mixture
composed of the lignite and mine water behaves acidic which accelerates the electrochemical
corrosion of 27SiMn
low-alloy，though the mine water formerly belongs to a neutral solution．
KEY WORDS low-alloy steel，lignite，electrochemical corrosion
27SiMn is a kind of important materials used in hydraulic support in lignite coalpits. The
hydraulic supports are soaked in mine water and solution of lignite or imbedded in the
saturated water lignite as a result of the actual situation and technological requirements of coal
mining process. The positions of the hydraulic supports where they come into touch with above
environments are corroded seriously. There is a great deal of carboxyl oxy-group in lignite, but
in traditional corrosion inhibitor, carboxyl oxy-group is often used. The electrochemical
corrosion behavior of 27SiMn low-alloy steel in an environment of a lignite coalpit was studied
in this paper.
The lignite samples come from PingZhuang coal mine in Neimenggu of China. The grain
size of them is less than 1.5mm after been dried and screened out. The mine water is taken
from the water used in coal mining process. In order to obtain lignite solution and saturated
water of lignite samples, add 360g of these samples to 1000ml mine water and stir the mixture
adequately. After clarified, we get lignite solution and a kind of deposition at the bottom, the
later is called saturated lignite. Then we measure the polarization curves of 27SiMn in mine
water, lignite solution and saturated lignite.
2. Results and Discussion
Chemical analysis of lignite nature shows that: water content 16.92%, ash content 17.96%,
volatile content 42.62%, carboxyl 0.25mml/g; the relative component of elements content is:
71.09%C, 4.46%H, 0.9％N, 20.30％O, 3.25％S; and the relative component of ash is: 46.98％
SiO2, 18.21％A1203, 11.97％Fe2O3, 0.91％TiO2, 7.53％CaO, 2.12％MnO, 7.48％SO3, 1.65％
K2O, 1.93％Na2O, 1.22％MgO.
The ions concentration (mg/L) of mine water are: 3～l0Cl-,3～14SO42-，19～97HCO3-，5～
In Fig.1 infrared spectrum of the lignite samples is determined. It shows that there is
carboxyl Coal-COOH absorption peak obviously near the wave number 1700cm-1.
Fig.2 displays the pH level measure results of the mixture of lignite samples and neutral mine
water. It shows that when lignite is more than 400g／1, the pH level of the solution at static
state keeps 5, and the steady pH level becomes 3.8 after the solution is stirred. As the actual pH
level of the environment of 27SiMn in coal mine is 5.1～5.4, the polarization curves are
measured in the medium of lignite and coal mine water(360g／1) at pH 5.1.
Fig.3 shows the polarization curves of 27SiMn in coal mine water, lignite solution and
saturated lignite. Three of the electrochemical corrosions are all decided by cathodic control.
We can see that lignite activates the anodic process of 27SiMn in coal mine water.
Infrared Spectrum of the Lignite Samples
pH Level of the Mixture of Lignite Samples and Neutral Mine Water.
Fig.3 Polarization Curves of 27SiMn
The following ionization equilibrium exists in lignite solution containing carboxyl:
The anions that the carboxyl ionized overlap with the P obital of the two oxygen atoms on
the Pobital of carbon atoms, the negative charge disperses on the two oxygen atoms.
The value of Ka reflects the intensity of carboxyl acidity. The higher the value of Ka is, the
more intense the acidity. When the mixture is stirred, the concentration of reacting Coal-COOH
increases, and reaction (1) moves right. As a result, the acidity of the mixture increases (as
shown in Fig.2).
As shown in Fig.3, lignite have cathodic depolarization on 27SiMn in coal mine water, and
this effect has a relationship with eqn(1). Hydrogen releasing on cathode:
This effect is more obvious in saturated lignite because the pH level is higher.
Carboxyl in lignite has a very strong chemical absorbability of metallic ions, and the eqn is:
The product of anode reacts as follows:
Fig.3 shows that the product Fe (Coal-COO)2 can’t form a film to protect the surface of
anode, and hydrogen releasing on cathode accelerates the dissolution of anode, and quickens
the corrosion of 27SiMn.
The conditional carboxylic acid corrosion inhibitor belongs to polarity absorbability
corrosion inhibitor. It can combine with water into hydrated ion and free and disperse into
solution in water. When the concentration of carboxylic acid gets to a certain degree, a compact
absorbed layer is formed at the surface of the metal. It hinders the corrosion matter from
touching the surface of the metal. In the mixture of lignite and mine water, because of grain
shaped lignite, it is impossible for the carboxyl to form free state. Although a few little lignite
molecules can form free state, their concentration is too low to form absorbability preservactive.
So in Fig 3, lignite accelerates the process at both anode and cathode, among which, the anode
in lignite solution (Curve.2) dissolve faster than that in saturated water of lignite samples
(Curve.3). And at the cathode, because in saturated water of lignite samples the concentration
of hydrion is high and the velocity of discharge is high, as a result, the depolarization degree at
the negative pole is higher than that in lignite solution (Curve.2). In a word, lignite accelerates
the corrosion of 27SiMn.
Mine water is of neutral solution. After mine water mixed with lignite, the mixture shows
acid. As a result, corrosion is accelerated by water lignite samples contact with 27SiMn, while
there isn’t any inhibitor action for carboxyl in lignite to deal with anode process of 27SiMn.
 Jiangongfushixiong, Corrosion Inhibitor and Application Technology, Beijing, Petroleum
Industry Press, 1987.2
 Xu Longjun etal. Coal Transform, 1997, 20: 29
 Zhang Zengzhi, Yan Jianzhong, Fu Yuewen etal. Corrosion Science and Safeguard
Technology, 2001, 13: 328