Volume 6 Preprint 56
Galvanic Corrosion of 27SiMn Coupled with Anthracite in a Mine Water
Zhang Zeng-Zhi, Xu Hai-Feng and Cao Peng
Keywords: 27SiMn; anthracite; electrochemical corrosion
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Volume 6 Paper C132
GALVANIC CORROSION OF 27SiMn COUPLED
WITH ANTHRACITE IN A MINE WATER
ZHANG Zeng-zhi XU Hai-feng CAO Peng
(China University of Mining and Technology , Beijing Division, Beijing
Abstract. This paper investigates the galvanic corrosion of 27SiMn coupled with
anthracite in a mine water. The results show that 27SiMn is anode, anthracite is
cathode and anthracite accelerates the oxidation of cathode and quickens the corrosion
Key words. 27SiMn; anthracite; electrochemical corrosion
In the environment of coal mine, the electrical characteristics of anthracite
accelerates the corrosion of structural materials. 27SiMn(0.24 ～ 0.32%C,1.10 ～
1.40%Si,1.10～1.40%Mn) is one of the main structural materials used under pit in
China. In the pit of anthracite, the severe corrosion of hydraulic prop which is
imbedded in the coal is a primary factor that causes prop hydro-cylinder useless. In
this paper the properties of galvanic corrosion of 27SiMn with anthracite are studied.
It provides important foundation data for the corrosion prevention of structural
materials used in coal mine.
Fig.1 shows the sample used in galvanizing corrosion test. Anthracite (cathode) is
cubic with one side exposed. 27SiMn acts as anode. The pH level of the mine water is
EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
By chemical analysis, we got the following ion concentration(mg/L) in the mine
water: 15~28 Cl-, 59~190 SO42-, 226~396 HCO3-, 18~36 K+ + Na+, 18～35 Mg2+,
65~137 Ca2+ . The content of C in absolutely dry anthracite matrix is more than 90%.
Because there is a great difference between free corrosion potentials of 27SiMn
and anthracite in mine water, the contact of 27SiMn and anthracite leads to galvanic
corrosion and the corrosion rate of 27SiMn is accelerated.
The variation of free corrosion potential as time goes on and the polarization test
result of electrokinetic potential of 27SiMn in a mine water reveal that the free
corrosion potential of 27SiMn is –720mV/SEC in steady state while the free corrosion
potential of anthracite is nearly +155mV/SEC in the same condition. 27SiMn
becomes the anode when it gets into anthracite because its free corrosion potential is
remarkably lower than that of anthracite.
Cathode-anode area ratio (CAAR) exerts a great influence on galvanic corrosion.
Greater cathode-anode area ratio accelerates galvanic corrosion. It can be illustrated
by the relation of corrosion potential and corrosion current versus time under different
area ratio of 27SiMn and cathracite. According to the experimental results, when the
areas of cathode and anode are of the same, the steady potential of galvanic couple is
approximately –650mV/SCE. It is 180mV more than free corrosion potential of
27SiMn. The variation of galvanic current with time is as follows: When the areas of
the two electrodes are of the same, the current density of galvanic couple decreases
exponentially with time greatly. The current density is 50μA/cm2 in steady state (an
hour later after the two contacting with each other). When CAAR=2, the galvanic
current density decreases linearly with time. The falling rate is absolutely lower than
that of the former condition. When CAAR=3, the variation of current density with
time is more complicated. We can see, when CAAR=3, current density varies without
obvious single regular. And an hour later the current density reaches up to about 480
μA/cm2.The result of the electrokinetic potential polarization test displays that the
free corrosion current density of 27SiMn in mine water is 31.6μA/cm2 when it is not
coupled with anthracite. The corrosion of 27SiMn in a mine water is greatly
accelerated with the increasing of CAAR when coupled with anthracite
Fig. 2 to Fig .5 show the experimental results of electrochemistry under a variety
Mine water is neutral solution. During the corrosion of 27SiMn, oxygen is
released at cathode. Once 27SiMn contacts with anthracite, anthracite becomes an
indefinitely great cathode area which effectively weakens cathodic polarization,
promotes oxygen releasing at cathode and accelerates the corrosion of 27 SiMn.
Cao Chunan. Corrosion electrochemistry. Journal of chemistry industry,1994.59
2. Song Shizhe. Study methods of corrosion electrochemistry. Journal of chemistry